Hi! Welcome to part five of the Series on the ABC’s of Autism. I am hoping to educate parents/caregivers in a very simplistic way. Life is already complicated and it does not have to be. I am here to help. This is the goal here.
Fragile X Syndrome:
A genetic disorder in which one part of the X chromosome has a defect. It can cause cognitive issues, some physical aspects, development delays in speech, motor skills, hyperactivity, and most of these characteristic occurs in Autism as well. Fragile X can occur in about 15-33% of individuals diagnosed with Autism. Fragile X can be diagnosed with a simple blood test. I will write in-depth on Fragile X on later post. But I wanted just to give you a simple explanation for now. Remember our goal here is to keep it simple.
Gross Motor Skills:
Gross Motor involves the large muscles such as the arms, the legs, and the trunk of the body that enable such functions as walking, kicking, sitting upright, lifting, and throwing a ball. It’s important for major body movement such as walking, balance, coordination, jumping and reaching. Core strength is important for Gross motor development and sometimes with Autism the developing core strength (upper body support) is weak and lacking muscle tone. This is might affect their ability to use their fine motor skills as well, such as writing.
Poor muscle tone. A condition that can impair both Fine and Gross Motor movements. Many with Autism can have Hypotonia. It can be managed by Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy. I will go more in-depth later on Therapies, but this is a good start.
Next time I will talk about:
- IEP – Individualized Educational Plan (this will be crucial to your children’s education)
- OT – Occupational Therapy
- PDD-NOS – Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified
Thank you and take care.