Hi! Welcome to part six of the Series on the ABC’s of Autism. I am hoping to educate parents/caregivers in a very simplistic way. Life is already complicated, it does not have to be and I am here to help. As a parent/guardian/caregiver, it is very helpful to be educated and informed. If you are new to the world of Autism, it is my goal is to help you out and take away that feeling of being completely overwhelmed.
In part five of the series I talked about a three different terms of Autism: Fragile X Syndrome, Gross Motor Skills and Hypotonia. All of which are important terms to have in your ever increasing vocabulary. Also just as a reminder, all the topics I discuss are broken down into simple easy-to-comprehend terms. Then I will later hit on these terms in more depth for you. How simple is that?
Part Six topics include:
- I.E.P – Individualized Education Plan
- O.T. – Occupational Therapy
- P.D.D – N.O.S. – Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
If you gain any amount of information from this series let it be on the Individualized Education Plan. I mention last post about how important an I.E.P. would be to your child’s education. I cannot emphasize this enough.
I.E.P. – Individualized Education Plan.-
When your child enters public school, receives Special Education and services they will have an Individualized Education Plan . Your child will normally be evaluated for services, and then will determine their eligibility for those services. If your child is found eligible for those services, then an I.E.P. meeting will be scheduled. The team that writes a child’s Individualized Education Program includes the parent(s), regular education teacher(s), special education teacher(s), other individuals from the school and district and the student when appropriate. Information in I.E.P’s includes information such as current performance, annual goals, special education and related services they receive, accommodations, tests, and measured progress. Usually twice a year, sometimes more depending on goals and changes, your child will be reevaluated and you will meet again with staff and teachers. As a parent you have complete rights to change any aspect of the Individualized Education Plan. Individualized Education Plans are crucial. This particular topic is important and I will devote an entire information page on I.E.P’s in the future by breaking break it down step by step. We certainly do not want information overload.
O.T. – Occupational Therapy –
Usually a service that might be included in your child’s IEP or a service that a child might receive at home. Occupational Therapists help children work on their fine motor skills, this includes small tasks of grasping, and handwriting skills, and improving eye-hand coordination. Therapists are important for the learning of everyday life skills such as: bathing, getting dressed, brushing teeth and feeding themselves. Occupational Therapists also help tremendously to teach the child how to manage their behavior. Another issue they address is in the area of Sensory Disorders. Lastly, they will evaluate a child’s need for specialized equipment, such as wheelchairs, bathing equipment, dressing devices, or communication aids. The majority of these topics are important for a child with Autism. I will also be addressing them in more depth soon.
P.D.D.-N.O.S. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified is given to individuals with difficulties in the areas of social interaction, communication, or narrowed behavior patterns or interests, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism. In other words, it’s the diagnosis they use for someone who has some but not all characteristics of autism or who has relatively mild symptoms. In a nutshell. Often referred to as the “atypical” Autism.
Stay tuned for Part Seven of my What’s in the Soup. I truly hope you are benefiting from this Series.
Feel free to comment and let me know.